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What Are the Types of Networking Cable?

Views: 22     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-04-13      Origin: Site

What Are the Types of Networking Cable?

Many different types of networking cables can be used to link several devices together or multiple devices to a single computer. Cables in a network provide a conduit for data transfer between network devices. It's up to the network's architecture, size, and method to determine which type of cable is best for that particular network. The network infrastructure is supported by a variety of network cables.

Types of networking cables

1.Fiber optical cable

Core, cladding, buffer, and a jacket make up this cable's parts. Glass or plastic strands are used to construct the core, which may transmit data over great distances. Wrapped in the core, the cladding, the buffer, and finally the jacket, the core is protected from the elements.

Features of fiber optical cable

●Light signals travel through the core, which transmits them.

●The core is illuminated by the cladding.

●The buffer prevents the light from seeping out of the bulb.

●The cable's covering protects it from physical harm.

●Fiber optic cable is resistant to electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio frequency interference (RFI). This cable is capable of transmitting data at the maximum possible speed over a long distance. It is capable of 100Gbps data transmission over a distance of 40 kilometers.

●To transmit data using fiber optics, light is used. From one end to the other, it radiates light. SMF and MMF fiber optical cables are categorized by the number of lights beams they can transmit simultaneously.

Types of fiber optical cable

Single-mode fiber

One beam of light travels through this cable at a time. Compared to the MMF cable, this one is more dependable, supports larger bandwidth, and can be used over longer distances. The light source for this cable is a laser and it transmits light at 1300 or 1550 nanometer wavelengths.

Multi-mode fiber

In this wire, several light beams can be carried at once. A single SMF cable transports only half of the data that this cable does. Use this cable for shorter distances. 850 or 1300 nanometer wavelengths of light can be transmitted using this wire, which uses an LED as the source of light.

2.Coaxial cable

In the Centre is a copper conductor surrounded by a plastic layer that acts as an insulator between the braided layer and the outer braided layer. Additionally, the exterior metal shield shields the computer from interference from other computers, motors, and other devices. Despite the difficulty of installation, the system is highly effective and resistant to signal interference. Useful for long-distance transmission of data through a network.

Coaxial cable specification

Four decades ago, coaxial wires were first introduced. Many specifications have been developed throughout the years based on parameters such as the thickness of the sheath, the metal used in the conductor, and the substance used in insulation.

Features of coaxial cable

●The shielding and conducting core materials in the coaxial cable are rated using the RG system.

●Radio Guide is the abbreviation for RG. To transmit data over the coaxial wire, radio frequencies are mostly used.

●There are two types of impedance: capacitance and inductance. The ohms unit is used to measure this.

●American Wire Gauge (AWG) is the abbreviation for the American Wire Gauge. Measurement of the core's diameter is done with this instrument. Wires with a smaller core diameter have smaller AWG sizes.

3.Multicore coaxial cable

There is no evidence that coaxial cables were originally designed for use in a computer network. There are a variety of uses for these cables. Using them was common even before the advent of computer networks. Though they are no longer employed in computer networks, they are still in use.

Network managers began using coaxial cables to establish computer networks when there were no specific media cables available for computer networks. For over two decades, coaxial cables were employed in computer networking because of their inexpensive cost and long lifespan (the 80s and 90s). Computer networks no longer rely on coaxial cables.

4.Twisted pair cables

This type of cable was originally designed for use in computer networks. Ethernet cable is another name for this type of cable. This cable is used in nearly all modern LAN computer networks. The wires in this cable are insulated copper pairs that have been color-coded. To produce a pair, two wires are twisted around one another. There are often four sets of two. Solid and striped wires make up each pair. Blue, brown, green, and orange are the only solid hues. Colors that have been stripped of their primary pigments are known as stripped colors.

Types of twisted-pair cables

Shielded twisted cable

STP cables, sometimes known as simple ethernet cables, use a unique form of copper telephone wiring commonly seen in commercial settings. For safety, an external shield is attached to the normal telephone lines that serve as an external grounding point.

You may find that shielded twisted pair cables are ideal if you wish to run cables in an area where there is a risk of electromagnetic interference and electrical current damage. This can be accomplished by using shielded twisted pair cables.

Unshielded twisted cable

If you need a cable that can be used for everything from phone calls to computer networking, this is the one. Wiring schemes like CAT 1, CAT 2, and so on include a variety of various cores, shielding materials, and other characteristics that make these cables difficult to use. Transmission speed and distance can be maintained for longer at higher CAT values.

5.Optical fiber

As the primary link between many buildings, optical cable is an excellent choice for connecting backbones since it allows connections over great distances (up to 60 kilometers for single-mode fiber) without the requirement for grounding. As a result, this sort of cable is incredibly secure, as it is nearly impossible to tap it.

Despite its mechanical flexibility, a local network cannot use this cable due to the difficulty of installation and the high cost of the cable itself. For this reason, twisted-pair or coaxial cable is the cable of choice for low-power applications.

Advantages of optical fiber


●Isolation from external noise

●Attenuation is low

●Can handle up to 100 megabits per second of data transfer

●Tens to hundreds of gigahertz range in bandwidth available for use (single-mode fiber)

Professional networking cable manufacturer

As an experienced manufacturer in China, we offer factory prices and good quality products. Our team is always ready to offer advice or answer your questions. Contact us to get a free quote today!

Foshan New King Cable Industrial Co., Ltd.


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